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Facts and Tips About Choosing Coffee Beans We will be learning about the different coffee roasting techniques and attributes that need to take into consideration when roasting coffee beans. The roast level is determined by the temperature and the time the coffee beans are roasted. In terms of standard coffee roast levels, these include light roast, medium roast, and dark roast. Light roast is ideal for mild coffee lovers and are light brown in color, wherein the coffee bean is dry without oils present. Medium roast is medium brown with a non-oily surface and has a stronger flavor than a light roast but the coffee beans are slightly sweeter than a light roast. A dark roast produce black or charred color coffee beans with lower acidity levels, and has shiny and black coffee beans with an oily coffee bean surface, producing a significant amount of bitterness. When it comes to light roast, the different increasing levels include light city roast, half city roast, and cinnamon roast. For medium roast, the increasing levels include American roast, city roast, city roast plus, high roast and Viennese roast or Vienna roast. The increasing levels for dark roast include Continental roast, New Orleans roast, French roast, Dark French roast, espresso roast, European Roast, Italian Roast and Spanish roast. Roasting coffee converts the physical and chemical properties of green coffee beans into roasted coffee products, and this process is the one producing the characteristic flavor or coffee and changing its taste. When it comes to the equipment used in coffee roasting, they include hot-air, drum, packed-bed, tangential, centrifugal and home roasters. Hot-air roasters or fluid bed roasters force heated air using a perforated plate or screen under the coffee beans to lift the coffee beans as they circulate and tumble within the fluidized bed. When choosing your coffee, it is important to consider the aroma, acidity, body, roast, and balance. Aroma pertains to the smell of the coffee after grinding and brewing, and the different characteristics may include floral, herbal and fruity aromas. In terms of coffee acidity levels, they are influenced by the climate and soil condition of growing regions and it pertains to the liveliness or tanginess from a small to large amounts of coffee. The body refers to the heaviness or thickness of the coffee of your tongue that can be categorized as delicate body, balanced body or full body. The balance refers to how good the combination of the stated elements are. When evaluating the grade of coffee beans, coffee growers, roasters and buyers use coffee cupping, which evaluated the taste and aroma of coffee beans.5 Uses For Drinks

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