Retinal Examinations for Macular Degeneration
The population of people affected by macular degeneration is as large as ten million annually. Age-related macular degeneration is usually characterized by slow and painful loss of vision especially as the eyes age. The control and focus of the eye, retina, is affected by the eye condition hence making us unable to recognize faces, images as well as distinguish colors.
The retinal portion affected is referred to as the macula which the most sensitive eye part hence comparing to the lens of a camera. When the macula is in good condition, it’s main role is to collect the images reflected by the eye then via the optic nerve relay them to the brain which in turn interprets them as sight. The specialism of eye-care allows the experts to know when the disease starts to takes effect in the eye through the aid of retinal diagnosis.
There is no completely known cause for the eye condition and disease but the most common reason is the aging of the eyes. If there are certain genes and chromosomes of macular degeneration running in your family, it is possible for you to be infected hence the importance of regular eye examinations. The person who smokes is always at a higher risk of infection than the one who doesn’t smoke.
Caucasian genes are subjected to higher risk as opposed to those of Negroid originators. Long exposure to sunlight may put you at higher risk of macular degeneration as compared to those who bask less in the less due to the UV rays. As one gets older, the sensitive cells in the macula begin to tire and breakdown which would even take a couple of years before you feel the strong effects of pain and vision loss. Eye check and examination will be able to find the very detail in your eye about macular degeneration.
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Eye care specialists help you to be sure of the condition that you are suspecting to be suffering. The accessorized eye-care is advised in regard to controlling the amount of UV rays that get into your eyes. Low vision clinics are set up so as to assist those diagnosed and affected by macular degeneration.
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At the low vision clinic, the specialists help you in reading and writing whereby the practical bits make your eyes stronger and you are able to carry out your day to day activities. Diet and nutrition advice is given to the affected people especially foods rich in vitamin A, C and E as they control the progression of the condition. If possible, it is important that one is scheduled for eye surgery to remove the affected areas as well as control the development of the conditions to the unaffected areas. The eye specialist will be a very important person in helping you know what to do in regard to your condition.